Vitamin B 12 deficency and Dietary choices By Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist at NPMC

originally published at Beauty - Nu Woman Magazine

Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist

Dr Gautam Arora

Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist

Dr Gautam Arora

Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist

Vitamin B 12 Deficiency a neurological nightmare By Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist

vitamin B12 deficiency a treatable neurological epidemic!”

— Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist

MONROE TOWNSHIP, NJ, UNITED STATES, April 6, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — Vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) plays an essential role in red blood cell formation, cell metabolism, nerve function, and the production of DNA. Vitamin B12 deficiency is thought to be one of the leading nutrient deficiencies in the world, with a 2004 study showing that it’s a major health concern in many parts of the world, including the U.S., India, Mexico, Central America, and South America. Food sources of vitamin B-12 include poultry, meat, fish, and dairy products. Vitamin B-12 is also added to some foods, such as fortified breakfast cereals, and is available as an oral supplement. Vitamin B-12 injections or nasal spray might be prescribed to treat vitamin B-12 deficiency. The most common symptoms of anemia are fatigue, shortness of breath, and an irregular heartbeat.

People with anemia might also experience:

a sore mouth or tongue/weight loss/pale or yellowing skin/menstrual problems

Left untreated, a vitamin B-12 deficiency can lead to anemia, fatigue, muscle weakness, intestinal problems, nerve damage, and mood disturbances. vitamin B12 deficiency. Symptoms may include:depression/confusion/memory problems/headaches/mood changes/difficulty concentrating

Once symptoms worsen, they can include neurological changes, such as numbness and tingling in the hands and feet. Some people may have difficulty maintaining balance. Infants who lack vitamin B12 may show unusual movements, such as face tremors/reflex problems/feeding difficulties/irritation

eventual growth problems if left untreated.

The recommended daily amount of vitamin B-12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms.

If you’re pregnant (or trying to get pregnant), you especially need to watch your B12 levels. “B12 “The rapid growth and development of the fetus during pregnancy increases vitamin B12 needs drastically.” Older adults and people with digestive tract conditions that affect the absorption of nutrients also are susceptible to vitamin B-12 deficiency.

Research on the use of vitamin B-12 for specific activities and conditions shows:

Heart and blood vessel disease. However, studies show that the combination of these vitamins doesn’t seem to reduce the risk or severity of cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Dementia. Vitamin B-12 deficiency is associated with dementia and low cognitive function.

Athletic performance. Unless you have a vitamin B-12 deficiency, there’s no evidence that vitamin B-12 supplements will boost your energy or make you a better athlete.

Some medications may decrease the absorption of vitamin B12 from foods. These medications include Metformin, proton pump inhibitors, and H2 receptor agonists. Most people get enough vitamin B-12 from a balanced diet. However, older adults, vegetarians, vegans, and people who have conditions that affect their ability to absorb vitamin B-12 from foods might benefit from the use of oral supplements. Animal foods are the best food sources of vitamin B12, including:organic, grass-fed dairy products

cage-free eggs

grass-fed meat

wild-caught fish

organic poultry

organ meats

Vitamin B-12 supplements also are recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding exclusively and follow vegetarian or vegan diets. Vegans face a risk of vitamin B12 deficiency, as their diet excludes animal-sourced food products. Pregnancy and lactation can worsen deficiency in vegans. Unless a vegan diet is carefully planned, it is difficult to get enough vitamin B12 through plant foods alone. For this reason, it is recommended for those following vegan diets to supplement with B12Safety and side effects. When taken at appropriate doses, vitamin B-12 supplements are generally considered safe. While the recommended daily amount of vitamin B-12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms, higher doses have been found to be safe. Your body absorbs only as much as it needs, and any excess passes through your urine. Doctors may prescribe vitamin B12 injections for some individuals with pernicious anemia, or issues with vitamin B12 malabsorption and severe deficiency. These injections consist of vitamin B12 in cyanocobalamin or hydroxocobalamin forms. A healthcare professional typically administers these injections into a muscle until the individual’s symptoms improve. Continuing treatment depends on if the cause of the deficiency relates to diet or if the individual has any accompanying neurological problems.

Refrences

Stabler SP. Vitamin B12. In: Marriott BP, Birt DF, Stallings VA, Yates AA, eds. Present Knowledge in Nutrition. 11th ed. Washington, DC: Elsevier; 2020:257-71.

Allen LH, Miller JW, de Groot L, Rosenberg IH, Smith AD, Refsum H, et al. Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development (BOND): Vitamin B-12 Review. J Nutr 2018;148:1995S-2027S. [PubMed abstract]

Langan RC, Goodbred AJ. Vitamin B12 deficiency: Recognition and management. Am Fam Physician 2017;96:384-9. [PubMed abstract]

Maruvada P, Stover PJ, Mason JB, Bailey RL, Davis CD, Field MS, et al. Knowledge gaps in understanding the metabolic and clinical effects of excess folates/folic acid: A summary, and perspectives, from an NIH workshop. Am J Clin Nutr 2020;112:1390-403 [PubMed abstract]

Hannibal L, Lysne V, Bjørke-Monsen A-L, Behringer S, Grünert SC, Spiekerkoetter U, et al. Biomarkers and algorithms for the diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency. Front Mol Biosci 2016;3:27. [PubMed abstract]

Mineva EM, Sternberg MR, Zhang M, Aoki Y, Storandt R, Bailey RL, et al. Age-specific reference ranges are needed to interpret serum methylmalonic acid concentrations in the US population. Am J Clin Nutr 2019;110:158-68. [PubMed abstract]

Green R, Allen LH, Bjorke-Monsen AL, Brito A, Gueant JL, Miller JW, et al. Vitamin B12 deficiency. Nat Rev Dis Primers 2017;3:17040. [PubMed abstract]

Watanabe F, Yabuta Y, Bito T, Teng F. Vitamin B₁₂-containing plant food sources for vegetarians. Nutrients 2014;6:1861-73. [PubMed abstract]

Damayanti D, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Beeson WL, Fraser G, Oda K, Haddad EH. Foods and supplements associated with vitamin B(12) biomarkers among vegetarian and non-vegetarian participants of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) Calibration study. Nutrients 2018;10:722. [PubMed abstract]

Henjum S, Manger M, Hampel D, Brantsaeter AL, Shahab-Ferdows S, Bastani NE, et al. Vitamin B12 concentrations in milk from Norwegian women during the six first months of lactation. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020;74:749-56. [PubMed abstract]

Dr Gautam Arora
NPMC Neurology and Pain Management Clinic
+91 8810340685
email us here



Article originally published at https://www.einpresswire.com/article/567396861/vitamin-b-12-deficency-and-dietary-choices-by-dr-gautam-arora-neurologist-at-npmc

Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist Vitamin B 12 Deficiency a neurological nightmare By Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist vitamin B12 deficiency a treatable neurological epidemic!” — Dr Gautam Arora Neurologist MONROE TOWNSHIP, NJ, UNITED STATES, April 6, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — Vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) plays an essential role in red […]